Female Sexuality. Every woman carries within herself something that makes her special and unique, an essence of exquisite freshness and passion. Being a woman represents having a unique and irresistible desire that is enclosed in her mysterious sexuality.
Feminine sexuality flourishes in our days and awakens from all the taboos and restrictions it underwent for decades, to become an integral part of the woman and to complement her in her development as a person and as a couple.
For years there was sex discrimination against women, which prevented her from talking about her feelings, thoughts, sexual fantasies and desires. Not only did this affect women’s sexual pleasure, but it also hampered their emotional development and did not let them know the wonders the satisfying sexuality enriches life. Today, women own their own pleasure.
The anatomy of the female reproductive tract can be divided into two parts: an external and an internal.
External structures of the female reproductive system
– The bigger lips: are responsible for protecting the external reproductive organs. The labia majora contain sweat and sebaceous glands. After puberty, the labia majora are covered with hair.
– The smaller lips: They vary in size and are located just inside the labia majora and around the openings of the vagina and urethra. They are located on the anterior part of the clitoris.
– Bartholin’s glands: they are located next to the vaginal opening and produce a liquid.
– Clitoris: the clitoris is a small protuberance, very sensitive to stimulation, which can be erected just like the penis of men. The clitoris is covered by a fold of skin called the foreskin, similar to the prepuce of the penis.
Structures or internal organs
– Vagina: The vagina is a canal that connects the cervix (the lower part of the uterus) with the outside of the body. It is also known as the birth canal.
– Uterus: is a hollow, muscular, pear-shaped organ. The uterus is divided into two parts: the cervix, which is the lower part that opens into the vagina and the main body of the uterus. The body of the uterus can be enlarged and is the place where the developing baby is kept. A canal through the cervix allows the blood to drain from the desquamation of the uterus in the menstrual cycle. In the same way, it serves as an entry hole for sperm, necessary to achieve fertilization of the egg. In addition, the baby leaves the cervix at the time of delivery.
– Ovaries: The ovaries are two small, oval-shaped glands on each side of the uterus. Ovaries produce eggs and hormones.
– Fallopian tubes: are narrow tubes that attach to the upper part of the uterus and serve as egg tunnels to travel from the ovaries to the uterus. The fertilization of an egg by a spermatozoon usually occurs in the fallopian tubes. Subsequently, this fertilized egg travels to the uterus and is implanted in the lining of the uterine wall where it develops and grows.
Functions of the female reproductive system
– Produces female egg cells needed for reproduction, called Ova.
– It transports the eggs to the site of fertilization and allows the fertilization of an egg by a spermatozoon, which normally occurs in the fallopian tubes.
– It allows implantation of the fertilized egg in the walls of the uterus, in the early stages of pregnancy.
– It takes care of the cycle of the menstruation (monthly detachment of the internal lining of the uterus) when the fertilization does not occur.
– It produces the female sex hormones that maintain the reproductive cycle and the sexual desire.
– It allows the female sexual performance that goes through the different phases of sexual response until reaching orgasm.
– It causes menopause, as it slowly stops producing the female hormones necessary for the reproductive cycle, which causes a series of symptoms such as decreased libido. Read more: Sexual Dysfunction in Menopause
Also Read: Sex During Pregnancy
Alterations of female sexuality
Problems in female sexuality (female sexual dysfunctions) refer to alterations that prevent women from satisfying sexual activity. Sexual dysfunction is a common problem in both men and women, 43% of women report some degree of sexual difficulty. Female sexual dysfunction can occur at any time in life, although it is more common between 45 and 64 years.
Also Read: Why Use Supplements for Female Libido
The sexual response cycle has four phases:
Female sexual dysfunction can then be said to refer to recurring problems at any stage of the sexual response cycle, which causes distress and affects the relationship with the partner.
Several differences can be distinguished between male and female sexual dysfunction.
Also Read: Sexual Dysfunction in Women
In man, sexual dysfunction can occur by:
– Difficulty reaching or maintaining an erection or to ejaculate
– Premature ejaculation
In women, there are alterations that are divided into the following categories and can be related to each other:
– Low sexual desire: decreased or lack of libido.
– Disorders in sexual arousal: the libido may be intact, but there may be difficulties in getting aroused.
– Disorders in orgasm: Persistent or recurrent difficulty reaching orgasm after sufficient sexual stimulation.
– Pain during sexual intercourse: it is the pain associated with sexual stimulation or during sexual contact.
– Vaginismus is an involuntary and painful contraction of the vagina that inhibits penetration.
These problems are the product of a complex interaction of many physiological, emotional components, experiences, beliefs, lifestyle and type of relationship. If any of these components are altered, sexual desire, arousal or satisfaction may be affected.
Also Read: Reduced Sexual Desire in Women
What are the symptoms of female sexual dysfunction?
– Absence or little desire to have sex
– Not achieving arousal during sexual activity, despite having a desire to have sex
– Do not experience orgasm
– Dyspareunia or pain during sexual contact
Causes of female sexual dysfunction?
The causes may be related to each other:
– Physical conditions that may limit or hinder sexual activity: arthritis, urinary or bowel disorders, pelvic surgery, fatigue, headaches or neurological disorders such as multiple sclerosis.
– Treatments with some types of antidepressants, antihypertensives, antihistamines and chemotherapy drugs, among others, may decrease sexual desire and the ability to experience orgasm.
– Low levels of estrogen during perimenopause can lead to changes in the genital tissues and sexual response. The folds of the skin that cover the genital area (labia majora) become thinner and expose more to the clitoris, which may decrease its sensitivity or cause an unpleasant tingling sensation. The vagina becomes thinner and less elastic, especially if the woman does not remain sexually active. At the same time, the vagina requires more stimulation to relax and lubricate before intercourse.
– Hormonal levels change after childbirth and during breastfeeding, which can lead to vaginal dryness and affect the desire to have sex.
– Anxiety or depression can lead to sexual dysfunction, just like stress. Partner conflicts can decrease sexual responsiveness. Cultural and religious influences and problems with one’s own body image may also contribute.
– Emotional distress can cause sexual dysfunction. It is necessary to deal with the problems in the relationship so that the treatment is effective.
Also Read: Orgasm Problems in Women
What are the risk factors for female sexual dysfunction?
– Depression or anxiety
– Cardiovascular diseases
– Neurological conditions such as spinal cord injury or multiple sclerosis
– Hepatic or renal impairment
– Use of some medicines like antidepressants or drugs against hypertension
– Emotional or psychological stress, especially with regard to the relationship
– History of sexual abuse
How can you diagnose female sexual dysfunction?
– Through the medical history (interrogation, personal and family history, type of medication used and physical examination) the doctor could suspect the problem and request some complementary tests.
– In the pelvic and gynecological examination, the doctor evaluates the physical changes that can cause the decrease of sexual pleasure, like the thinning of the genital tissues, the diminution of the elasticity of the skin, etc.
– Additional tests such as:
– Vaginal fluid swabs to evaluate the possibility of infection or bacterial imbalance
– Cervical swabs for sexually transmitted diseases
– Psychological evaluation of possible contributory factors such as anxiety, depression, previous sexual abuse or problems of couple
Also Read: 9 Tips to Achieve the Most Intense Female Orgasm
How can female sexual dysfunction be treated?
As the causes of this condition are usually multiple, combined treatments are recommended to treat physical (medical) disorders and emotional problems.
– The doctor can change medications that cause side effects such as alterations in sexuality.
– They could tell you the use of natural supplements aimed at combating the problems of depression, stress and anxiety.
If you have thyroid problems or other hormonal conditions, you should receive the appropriate treatment.
– The doctor may indicate the use of vaginal lubricants to relieve dyspareunia, vaginal dryness and irritation.
– Hormonal therapies that include estrogen replacement therapy and androgen therapy.
– Sexual therapy with specialists in the subject that help you improve communication in the couple and make decisions to improve the sex life.
. Learning techniques to communicate openly and honestly with the couple can make a big difference. Communicate to your partner your likes and dislikes, provide information in a clear and non-threatening way.
– Avoid excessive alcohol consumption, drinking too much reduces the ability of sexual response.
– Do not smoke, the cigarette restricts blood flow, decreasing blood supply to the sexual organs, as well as sexual arousal and orgasmic response.
– Exercising regularly can increase your stamina, improve your body image and boost your self-esteem.
– Learn to relax and manage stress, this will enhance the ability to enjoy the sexual experience.
– You can use natural supplements aimed at improving or preventing circulatory and hormonal problems. Some effective and safe products are: L-Arginine Pro, Maca Force and Optimum Zinc.
– Perform Kegel or relaxation exercises to strengthen pelvic muscles.
Also Read: Reduced Sex Drive in Women